Philosopher, Economist (1806-1873)
John Stuart Mill, an economist and political theorist, was widely regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of the 19th Century. His work stretches from topics in logic, epistemology and economics to issues in social and political philosophy, ethics and religion. Within the field of economics, John Stuart Mill advanced the ideas of economies of scale, opportunity cost and comparative advantage.
Mill’s father played an important role in his education and career. Crucially, Mill’s father was a proponent of Jeremy Bentham’s philosophy of utalitarianism, and, consequently, John himself began to embrace utalitarianism during his formative years.
Mill’s landmark book ‘On Liberty’ was published in 1859 and expressed his views supporting individuals’ moral and economic freedom from the government and society. Mill heavily asserted non-conformity, diversity and individuality and stressed that a person’s behaviour should only be constrained if it harms other people.
“One person with a belief is equal to a force of ninety-nine who have only interests.”
“A person may cause evil to others not only by his actions but by his inaction, and in either case he is justly accountable to them for the injury.”
– John Stuart Mill